DESCRIPTIVE TEXT



Standar Kompetensi

1.   Memahami makna dalam teks monolog sedehana berbentuk narrative, descriptive dan news item dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan mengakses ilmu pengetahuan populer.
2.   Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks monologberbentuk narrative, descriptive dan news item dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan mengakses ilmu pengetahuan.

Kompetensi Dasar
1.   Merespon makna dalam teks monolog sederhana yang menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam teks berbentuk: narrative
2.   Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks monolog sederhana yang menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan secar aakurat, lancar dan berterima dalam teks berbentuk:
narrative


Descriptive Text


The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text (Definisi dan Tujuan Deskriptive Teks)
Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. (Deskriptif teks adalah sebuah teks yang menggambarkan orang atau sesuatu. Tujuan umumnya adalah untuk menggambarkan orang, benda, atau sesuatu).

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text (Struktur Umum)
Descriptive text has structure as below:
 
Identification
identifying the phenomenon to be described.
(mengidentifikasi sebuah fenomena yang ingin di gambarkan)

Description
describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.
Menggambarkan Phenomena dalam beberapa bagian, kualitas atau karakter.

The Language Feature of Descriptive Text (Ciri kebahasaan)
Menggunakan attributive and identifying process.
menggunakan adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
menggunakan simple present tense

Example / Contoh:

THE AMAZING TAJ MAHAL IN INDIA




Identification       Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world. It was built by a Muslim Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his dear wife at Agra.

Description           Taj Mahal is a Mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal. The mausoleum is a part of a vast complex comprising of a main gateway, an elaborate garden, a mosque (to the left), a guest house (to the right), and several other palatial buildings. The Taj is at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Jamuna behind it.
The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements.
Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. The four graceful, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration.
Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj seems to glow in the light of the full moon. On a foggy morning, the visitors experience the Taj as if suspended when viewed from across the Jamuna river.


Source: www.islamicity.com/culture/Taj/default.htm
Latihan / excersise
Look at the video below and then answer the question.





Answer the question:

1.      What is the social function of the video above?
2.      What is the identification of the viedo above?
3.      Can you tell me about the language feature that used on that video, mention it!

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