Jumat, 25 Agustus 2017

ANALITYCAL EXPOSITION



Social Function:

 Analytical Exposition is one of the genre which presents arguments. Jadi, untuk membedakan teks Analytical Exposition dengan teks lainnya adalah di lihat dari isi dan tujuannya. The social function is to persuade by presenting arguments. Tujuannya adalah untuk membujuk pendengar atau pembaca sehingga mereka mau mengikuti keinginan kalian. Teks ini berisi tentang argumen atau alasan.
Jenis teks ini di awali dengan THESIS, yaitu pendapat kalian tentang suatu masalah. Biasanya di awali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, etc. Setelah kalian menuliskan thesis atau pendapat, kalian harus menuliskan ARGUMENTS, yaitu argumen-argumen atau alasan-alasan yang disertai dengan fakta dan bukti-bukti yang relevan sehingga pendengar atau pembaca terpengaruh dengan argumen yang kalian kemukakan. Biasanya dimulai dengan Firstly, Nest, Third, The last, etc. Untuk mengakhiri teks, kalian harus menuliskan REITERATION, yaitu simpulan dari thesis dan arguments yang telah kalian bicarakan sebelumnya. Kalian bisa mengungkapkannya melalui kalimat In my conclusion, To conclude, From the facts above, we can conclude that, et

Example:

The Unhealthy Fast Food

Fast food nowadays is considered a normal eating venture. People are not just eating out on special occasions or weekends anymore. It means that all the time they mostly eat fast foods. However is fast food good for health?

Fast food has its popularity in the 1940’s. Within a few years, fast-food operations popped up everywhere. With the compelling rise in fast-food restaurants since the 1940’s, oddly it started the rise in obesity and cancer during that same time period.

Fast food is highly processed with a wide array of additives. To ensure fast food’s low cost, the fast food products are made with highly-processed ingredients to give it shelf-life, to hold consistency, and to enhance flavor. Fast food is altered from its original healthy form.

It is not the calories in fast food which damage health and waistline. It is the chemical additives such as aspartame and MSG (monosodium glutamate). Studies show that the chemical additives lead to weight and disease issues.

So, there is absolutely nothing nutritional about fast food. Fast food simply feeds hunger and craving.
Simplified from: www.criticalbench.com/unhealthy_fast_food.htm


Minggu, 17 Januari 2016

CONJUNCTIONS (Kata Sambung)



CONJUNCTIONS (Kata Sambung) 

Kata sambung adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menyambung dua kalimat/kata-kata.
  1. Kata sambung yang berdiri sendiri seperti: and, or, but, for, although/though, that, if, dll.
Contoh: - You can read this book if you like.
         (kamu dapat membaca buku ini jika kamu mau)
       - I went to your house but you weren’t at home.
         (saya pergi ke rumahmu tapi kamu tidak ada di rumah)
       - Amir and I go to school everyday.
         (Amir dan saya pergi ke sekolah setiap hari)
       - Although it was raining, he come on time.
         (walaupun hujan dia datang tepat waktu)
  1. Kata sambung yang berpasangan seperti:
both…and…  (…dan juga….)
not only…but also… (…tidak hanya…tetapi juga…)
either…or…  (….maupun…)
neither…nor… (…tidak…dan tidak…) 
Contoh: - He is both wise and good.
         (dia bijaksana dan juga baik)
       - He is not only active but also clever.
         (dia tidak hanya aktif tetapi juga pintar)
       - Factory pollutions have polluted either land or water in our environment.
         (Polusi pabrik telah mencemari tanah maupun air di lingkungan kita)
       - The research is neither intersting nor accurate
         (Penelitian itu tidak menarik dan tidak akurat) 

CONNECTORS (Kata Penghubung)




 CONNECTORS (Kata Penghubung)

   Connectors digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat/lebih menjadi satu kalimat. Connectors dibagi menjadi 3, yaitu:
  1. Menunjukan waktu: before, after, as soon as, while, when.
    1. We went home after the rain stopped.
    2. I prepare my ticket and passport before I go on holiday to Paris.
    3. I started to look for an apartment as soon as I arrived in this city.
    4. While he was reading her novel, somebody knocked on the door.
    5. I was really sad when I saw a drama movie.
  2. Menunjukan sebab dan akibat: because/because of, since.
    1. I went to the hospital because I had a serious accident.
    2. I went to the hospital because of my serious accident.
    3. Since I have no money, I can’t treat you.
  3. Menunjukan tanda urutan: first, next, then, after that, finally.
    1. first, we must prepare the ingredients.
    2. Next, we cut the vegetables into small pieces.
    3. After that, we put them into frying pan.
    4. Finally, we put some sauce and salt.   

GERUND



 GERUND 

   Gerund adalah kata kerja yang dibendakan/ kata benda yang dibentuk dari kata kerja yang diberi akhiran –ing (V-ing). Gerund digunakan bila:
  1. Verb/kata kerja sebagai subjek.
   Contoh: Swimming is a good sport.
   Jogging makes us fresh.
  1. Verb sebagai complement/pelengkap.
   Contoh : My hobby is cycling.
  1. Setelah kata depan/preposition seperti for, on, before dll.
Contoh : I am sorry for coming late.
       Before leaving, he said nothing.
  1. Setelah istilah khusus seperti no use, to be worth, to be busy, can’t help/can’t bear,to be used to, get used to.
Contoh : It is no use studying without practicing.
  1. Setelah possessive adjective (my,your, his,her,our,their,Amir’s, dll)
Contoh : His staring frigtens me.
  1. Kata kerja/V setelah kata kerja tertentu

Admit
Appreciate
Claim
Can’t help
Resume
Consider
Avoid
Delay
Deny
Risk
Enjoy
Finish
Quit
Resist
Siggest
Mind
Miss
Postpone
Practice
Advise
Recall
Regret
Report
Recent
resist

   Contoh : We enjoy seeing them again after so many years.